[INTRO ♪] Like many psychological disorders, bipolar disorder is one for which we have a lot of stereotypes. We think of mood swings. We imagine periods of deep depression and episodes of mania where a frenzied person thinks they’re invincible or is all-consumed by their desire to achieve a goal. Popular media only reinforces these stereotypes, to the point where a lot of us probably don’t have a very clear idea of what bipolar disorder is actually like. And like a lot of psychological disorders, bipolar disorder is much more complicated than we give it credit for. Even psychologists continue to argue about how to define bipolar disorder—and whether it might be more of a spectrum than we used to think it was. But it might be ok that they’re not sure.
It might even help treat more people. Bipolar disorder is divided into several subtypes in the DSM-5. That’s the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, which sets out the criteria used in the US for diagnosing people with psychological disorders. There’s bipolar I, which is the type we’re
most likely to think of when we think of bipolar disorder. A person has to have at least one manic episode—in which they experience at least a week of their mood being abnormally elevated or irritated—to be diagnosed with bipolar one. During a manic episode, they might be obsessed with working towards a particular goal, have a grandiose sense of purpose, not need to sleep as much, or experience what’s known as a “flight of ideas,” which is basically a racing mind. The most notable feature of bipolar II, on
the other hand, are the periods of major depression. Patients also experience periods of hypomania, which is a less extreme version of a manic episode. With the subtype known as cyclothymic disorder, a person experiences at least two years of depressive and hypomanic symptoms, but no major depressive or manic episodes. For kids, it’s one year. And the last subtype in the DSM-5 is “other unspecified bipolar and related disorders,” which sounds… pretty vague. But that’s by design. This is where people
with bipolar-ish symptoms that don’t meet the full criteria of any of the other three can be categorized. There’s no cure for bipolar disorder, but it can be manageable with therapy and mood-stabilizing medication. It’s also not totally clear what causes
it, but there may be genetic factors involved. About 1% of the population has bipolar I,
another 1% has bipolar II, and approximately 5% are estimated to have a milder subtype. All that said, bipolar disorder is actually
really tricky to diagnose. According to a 2013 study, only 20% of bipolar patients are diagnosed with a form of bipolar in the first year of seeking treatment, and the average delay between onset and diagnosis is five to ten years! Bipolar I is easier to recognize, because the patient is usually experiencing a manic episode when they seek diagnosis. But bipolar II can be really difficult to
tell apart from major depressive disorder. The difference usually comes down to whether or not the patient has a history of hypomania… but for someone who’s often depressed, hypomania just might feel like a good or normal day. Researchers say that it’s definitely possible that depressive patients who don’t respond to antidepressants could actually have bipolar II. And that could be really bad, because taking antidepressants without mood stabilizers can cause someone with bipolar disorder to switch to mania. And things only get more complicated from there. Some people with bipolar disorder have mixed mood episodes, which are when hypomania, depression, and/or mania get all smushed together. And that’s weird and confusing, for patients and researchers alike, because it basically flies in the face of the idea of bipolar as a disorder characterized by discrete episodes. There are also people who just experience hypomania, without any of the depression. And they often kinda like it! They say it
makes them super productive. A large clinical study published in 2011 has also suggested that hypomanic and manic episodes can be shorter than the widely-accepted four and seven days that are now used as cut-offs in the DSM-5. These shorter episodes, the researchers argued, should still count when trying to decide if someone has bipolar disorder. And some researchers even believe that bipolar disorder can be progressive, although there’s definitely not enough evidence to say for sure. All of this has led researchers to talk about bipolar disorder as a spectrum. The idea is that people can present with a wide variety of mild subvariants—and that many people’s conditions might therefore have gone unrecognized. And there’s a lot of support for that way of thinking! But… even within the last decade, some researchers have pushed back on this idea. Some psychologists still advise a more conservative approach, to prevent overdiagnosis in the future. The good news is that the DSM-5 leaves room for us to keep figuring this stuff out. That “other unspecified bipolar and related disorders” category we mentioned? It allows clinicians to continue to identify and diagnose patients who have subvariants that don’t meet traditional thresholds. And the DSM-5 specifically calls out “depressive episodes with short-duration hypomania” as a condition that should be studied further. Researchers have also called for additional research to pinpoint genetic or biomarkers that can help identify those with disorders on the bipolar spectrum with something more concrete than just the usual behavioral criteria. Ultimately, formal psychiatric diagnoses aren’t about categorizing people for the sake of categorizing them. They’re about helping people to get the best treatment, and about making sure diagnoses are as accurate as possible to make future studies and future treatments more reliable. So while the definitions of bipolar disorder are still slippery… the DSM-5 is designed to accommodate that. And hopefully, as a result, we’ll someday understand bipolar disorders and the bipolar spectrum better than we do today. Thanks for watching this episode of SciShow Psych, which was brought to you with the help of our Patreon supporters. Patrons get access to some pretty cool perks, including the satisfaction of helping to bring awesome science videos to the whole Internet. If that sounds like your jam, head over to
patreon.com/scishow. [OUTRO ♪]

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100 thoughts on “There’s More Than One Bipolar Disorder

  1. I was diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder a few years ago and put on antidepressants, which didn't really help as they just caused me to develop manic episodes (I already had hypomania but didn't know what it was). Basically, because of the meds, I was experiencing manic and depressive symptoms at the same time. I have seen a few different psychiatrists since then and I am currently on a regimen of antidepressants/anti-anxiety meds, anti-psychotics (for the psychotic depressive episodes), and, most importantly, mood stabilizers. I haven't been formally diagnosed with Bipolar 2 yet (I am also Autistic, which complicates things), but I have a psych evaluation coming up soon, so I might be diagnosed with it. My psychiatrist thinks I have bipolar 2, but they have been waiting until I have had a proper evaluation to try and diagnose it.

  2. I remember looking into the other bipolar disorders and noticed how vague it is like the video mentioned. Makes me wonder if it is a way for therapists and drug companies to profit off of people just like ADD is overdiagnosed. I'm just very skeptical on how mental health is treated and how they misdiagnose people. The other problem is they don't even know if antidepressants even work.

  3. First got diagnosed with Depression in 2009. Took a lot of medications that never worked. Then got diagnosed with Bipolar II in 2015. Seems to be the right fit. So, yeah, 5-10 years to get a diagnosis holds in my case. I still don't understand a lot about Bipolar II myself. Thanks for making an episode on it.

  4. I got slapped with the "bipolar unspecified" diagnosis for a while, but really it was BPD. A lot of us get misdiagnosed as bipolar and way over-medicated.

  5. I wonder if I have this. I've been diagnosed with depression and anxiety. During my menstruatral cycle omg don't be around me.

  6. Thank you! I was just recently diagnosed with bipolar II, and it has been such a relief. I was diagnosed with dysthimic depression for so long and it just didn't quite fit any-more. I love learning about psychology and live with a neuroscientist/psych teacher, so I was surprised that I had never heard of it be-fore

  7. I have bipolar II and I just wanna say that this video is very well done! the description of what bipolar is very accurate. thanks for the awareness! it was needed lol

  8. I am diagnosed BPII
    And hypomania can mean binge shopping when there up is no money, OCD like activity when the person is not that way normally. And doing things that can be considered as dangerous or harmful; including sexual promiscuity.

  9. I actually love to take advantage of manic episodes. I treat it like the overly energetic personality who occasionally takes over to make me be productive for the day.

  10. Thank you to bringing awareness to the fact that Bipolar Disorder is more than just the “traditional” Bipolar I. As someone with type II, I’m really grateful.

  11. It's worth noting BPD is often misdiagnosed as Bipolar, which is pretty rough because they're treated a bit differently (Bipolar often leads to higher doses of medication, while BPD often doesn't respond to medication well). Unlike Bipolar, the mood swings experienced with BPD are a loooooot quicker (and actually fits the common Bipolar stereotype better). One of the things I actually appreciate about my BPD mood swings is knowing the negative emotions won't stick around more than a few hours 😅

  12. Please do an episode on Borderline Personality Disorder! I'd really like to help spread awareness and information about that as well.

  13. 8 years ago I was sure I am going nuts, had no idea about bipolar (it basically "did not exist" in Russia) and then a book saved my life. "Why Am I Still Depressed? Recognizing and Managing the Ups and Downs of Bipolar II and Soft Bipolar Disorder" – it opened my eyes and taught me how to live with this stuff. However, I got an official diagnosis and mood stabilizer only years later when I wasn't able to manage in my own anymore due to life situation.

  14. I had at least 3 major depressive episodes as a young adult. Somewhere during that time, which I was bouncing around psychiatrists trying to find someone I worked well with, a psychiatrist diagnosed me with bipolar (with hypomania eipsodes) after about 20 minutes he wanted to put me on this drug called Geodon. I got home and looked up the side effects (most alarmingly, though rare, related to the heart) and decided not to take it. After a few more session I stopped going to him. I've never been diagnosed since and I'm not sure I need to be medicated for bipolar- but I may very well be on the spectrum, idk. I've gotten a lot better at managing stressors in my life and now that I am out of college, I've had much fewer and less extreme depressive episodes. Thanks for this video!

    ETA: I just reread this and it sort of sounds like I'm against medicating and I'm definitely not. I'm fairly certain antidepressants saved my life!

  15. My bff has Bipolar ll. She spend years going through medications that never worked for depression, and they thought she just had treatment resistant depression. Finally someone asked the right questions and she was diagnosed. Now she's in medications that are working. I'm glad people are being educated on the varying types, could send people for proper diagnosis!

  16. This all fits with my experience. I was originally diagnosed with depression and a whe year later i finally got diagnosed with bipolar II. It took me being hospitalized for them to observe the manic symptoms because they werent as prevalent for me

  17. People with mood disorders could try an elimination diet, like AIP, to determine if inflammation is causing irritation to their nervous system. Certain food additives, colorings, flavorings, sweeteners, stimulants, preservatives, pesticide residues, emulsifiers, endocrine disrupters, irritate the nerves and cause inflammation.
    If you eliminate all food additives for a while, you then might discover which ones are triggering your symptoms, by then exposing yourself to them one at a time.

    It's not expensive to do, and there are no side effects to doing it.

  18. You failed to cover the difficulty Bi-polar brings to loved ones, associates and caregivers of these sufferers. I think we should be represented and included in discussions of this illness. Most of us are groping in the dark and are often wounded by trying to stand in the gap and watch over our loved ones. It would be nice to here someone talk facts and hints for us.

  19. I was diagnosed with Bipolar II a few years ago (it sucks, in case you were wondering). I was diagnosed with and treated for treatment resistant depression for a good 7 – 8 years before that. Turns out I wasn't resistant to treatment, it was the wrong diagnosis and the wrong treatment. A lot of the meds I was given made things worse. As soon as I started on mood stabilizers, I immediately began improving.

  20. Thank you so much for making this video. Now I have something to show to people when they start throwing weird questions at me when I tell them I'm bipolar type 2! It's surprisingly hard to explain things to people when they just don't get it, and this could really help them out.

  21. Thank you. That was very well-explained, short/brief, to the point, informative and YES – it was pleasant to watch. I was focused from beginning to end. You guys are awesome!

  22. The research is in, psychological disease classfications only offer legal respite, not psychosocial. Maybe they can do a video on that. Diagnoses are the symptoms of a bad therapist or a profiteering psychiatrist.

    They seem mostly useless in treating individuals and seemingly teach many people to embody the "disorder" and stigmatise themselves. Diagnoses add insult to the all-too-often societal psychological injuries (look up "adverse childhood experiences").

    Not only are you not your diagnosis, but your diagnosis was unconsciously (over sociohistoric time-spans) made up to explain the damage done to you, so that instead of the harder problem of fixing society . . . the pathology was always inside of you instead. One neurodiversity stupidly oppressing another, because of unacknowledged insecurity a kind of brain/behavioural hegemony. They invented madness to make themselves feel sane…

    There are no disorders or diseases only crises of experience that are made better or worse by a more or (less) tolerant social order.

    If your therapist has given you or taught you to embody a diagnoses, you are with a bad therapist.

    If you are on a permanent drugs program of pharma's for a condition you consider psychological than your psychiatrist is probably a hack (there are notable exceptions for stabilising a crises, or what some people call "organic disorders" – I think this is bad terminology – like epilepsy or Alzheimers).

    Things are confusing many interest groups are on very different pages. But, I repeat, the research is in, disease classfications only offer legal respite, not psychosocial. Maybe they can do a video on that…

  23. Is there a term for when you get really overwhelmed to the point of wanting to cry when you watch/see/hear a large amount of people all experiencing the same emotion? This happens to me when I watch TV mainly – if people are all panicking in a movie equally if people are all yelling during the beyonce concert. It's really hard to handle. I'm not sure if it has to do with being very sensitive or very empathetic or just very emotional. I also dont know if anyone else experiences this feeling. Hope yall see this and hopefully answer 🙂

  24. My mom has a bipolar disorder that doesn’t really fit in either type 1 or 2 so I’m glad there’s an “other” category so that she can still get help.

  25. Everything psychological is on a spectrum. You can't just 'have' a disorder. It doesn't make any sense given the complexities of our brain. You can exhibit interesting behavior but trying too hard to categorize all that behavior isn't possible.

  26. I went to my doctor once and said I thought I was bi-polar. The response? "No bi-polar would be if one day I was manically happy and the next day I went off to join ISIS or something else wildly out of character." I've always looked back and that and thought to myself… how can someone this well educated have so little clue about mental health. Still haven't managed to get a single medical professional to let me meet a psycho-analyst to diagnose me properly. Depression? 6 years and going. Nice job UK health care… nice job. Just keep offering me 8 hours counselling annually and anti-depressants which I refuse to go back onto as those made me absolutely nuts in no time at all very similarly to what was mentioned for bi-polar 2 sufferers in this video. I was off the walls manic. This video just makes me think I should go talk to my GP again all these years later.

  27. I'm not officially diagnosed with anything but was eventually prescribed a bipolar/scizho medication, after many antidepressants, and it was what I needed.
    What is odd to me is that I stopped taking it, because it began to feel harmful instead of beneficial (along with a few other reasons), and have actually made changes to how I am "wired" after the withdrawal. Something about the medication made me forget something or killed something within my psyche. As I took it I could feel this happening and defined it as beneficial. I feel like my brain was reset and I was able to readjust "the settings". There is still a ~15% inclining(?) that my stability could unravel, mainly exacerbated by sleep starvation, but I am experiencing a much more stable and rational existence even though it has been almost a year w/o the medication.
    I think it is EXTREMELY ridiculous that I have been unable to discuss this with the prescribing psychologist; I need to make sense of what I've experienced and random therapist are woefully unequipped to have this discussion. The system is fucked and many are doomed to the enslavement of inept RNPs who just toss pills at people who are in distress.

  28. Is there any science to show if listening to brainwave music and binaural beats can help people with bipolar when in episode? I have been diagnosed as Bipolar 1 and it can definitely be extremely hard to fall asleep at times. I am curious to find out if listening to delta wave sounds can help. Also on the opposite side during depression phases, if listening to gamma waves can motivate me. Thanks.

  29. So, are all disorders a spectrum?

    When your manic energy and depressive desire to not exist get mushed together; Time to commit not living.

  30. Thank you for this! I've doubted my diagnosis for awhile…I'm still not sure if I'm bipolar 2, mdd, or otherwise not specified. My hypomania episodes are very short (few hours to a day)

  31. As an old, long-time depressive who has been greatly helped by use of citalopram, I must admit to never having manic or even hypomanic episodes. Years ago, I sometimes DID come out of despair with a few hours of positive thinking, but it never lasted longer. Citalopram doesn't make me at all "high," or excited; it just lets me feel normal, which is priceless.

  32. Are you kidding? Is this an advertising video for the DSM5?????
    You mention in one little sentence that overdiagnosis could be problematic. Overdiagnosis is a huge problem and these standard books on mental health issues are a major cause for that. Why would you skip that vital information and just do a praise hymn on this book????

  33. My dad goes from barely functioning and getting obsessed with something to an admitting point to getting up at 4am , getting a loan and ordering a truck full of dirt to be dumped in front of the house because he decided to plant cassava.
    It only got worst after he retired.
    The part about him not drinking his meds but still be able to make financial decisions is scary because now my mom is in a lot of debt.

  34. I was diagnosed with Early Onset Bipolar at 16. The next year it changed to Type 1 Bipolar, rapid cycling type, with psychotic features, and seasonal specifier. That was after spending a month in a locked down ward, 20 years ago.

  35. I don't have words. I am treated as bipolar I but my official diagnosis is other unspecified. But this is the first time I've heard someone talk about just experiencing hypomania, and while she is correct in saying we like it, until the symptoms are recognized as hypomania they can be really destructive. I love that this is a spectrum.

  36. I'm so glad you uploaded this video and I'm so happy reading the comments hearing people talk about their bipolar experiences. Bipolar is hell, in part because of how little people really understand it…

    If you have a friend with bipolar, you don't have to memorize the DSM 5 or get them into therapy. Just listening to them when they're struggling and letting them know they are heard can make everything so much easier to deal with.

    To people thinking this video might describe them, I had a depression diagnosis for years that kept me from getting proper treatment, but a new psych switching me from antidepressants to bipolar meds has made everything so much better. Never give up on advocating for yourself if you think things can be better! You deserve to have a doctor listen to you and work with you on getting to the best place you can. I know the fight is hard, especially when the depression makes you want to give up or the mania convinces you you don't need help, but it's always worth it to reach out.

  37. I have an ex who was diagnosed bipolar II, but his episodes were exclusively manic, not depressive. He only had episodes every couple of years, but they lasted months. Insomnia was a major symptom (and a sign he was heading into an episode) as well as rage. He also had hallucinations, and whatever his voices were telling him, it made him very angry.

  38. As someone who has a diagnosis of bipolar with anxiety depression and ptsd i hella support bipolar being seen as a spectrum. Some days I feel normal but my friends think I’m super hyper and crazy other days I hate everything and anything will set me off into a physical fight with whoever is nearest but I also can’t even order my own meal at McDonald’s without wanting to melt into a puddle and stop exhisting . I also get really bad depression . I also think shorter episodes should be considered when diagnosing because most of my episodes are a day or two but some can be an hour or thirty minutes even if I can catch myself . Does make sense why I didn’t respond to anti depressants very well

  39. Ocd, anxiety, add, mood disorders, personality disorders are part of larger neuro spectrum as is high functioning autism.

    You people have different parts of a tree labeled different species of plants entirely.

    Lol neuro split equal opposite neuro physics.

    Splitting along "neuro typical " centre ..

    Hormonal neuro and chem hyper hypo over lap.

    Find the root dillholes

  40. Hi👋 i want to ask you about like when i talk to someone in daily life or we discussing something before discussion i know every point but when i have to talk to him face to face I forget and after he/she left the place it came back to my memory.( like oh why shouldn't i said this or that to him/her etc)Please give me solution to overcome this Thank you.

  41. I have known a handful of people w/bipolar Very closely & what she first describes is spot on. So the media portrayal is spot on.

  42. When you say "Bipolar could be progressive," do you mean that symptoms could worsen over time, as with (e.g.) multiple sclerosis? "Degenerative" might be a better term. I've been living with Type II bipolar for more than half of my life, and was misdiagnosed with MDD for the first ~8 years of that. Over time, the swings seem to be getting wider, and I've wondered if it is degenerative.

    Seriously though, the DSM-V for all its virtues, has one fatal flaw: It diagnoses people with symptoms, not with diseases. There are so many potential causes of depression, and science needs to start focusing on causes and treatments rather than clusters of symptoms. What I actually have is a shortage of GABAa receptors, and the treatment for that is mild sedatives. If someone has overactive monoamine oxidase, an SSRI/SNRI/MAOI will help them. If a woman with no history of depression becomes depressed right after giving birth, you should be looking at hormones, not neurotransmitters. But the DSM-V gives you a 1/3 shot, at best, of pursuing the right class of drugs on the first try. We HAVE to do better than that.


  43. This was great, thank you. I’m some variant of bipolar and it took 10 years and a sleep study to get to the medications and behavioral therapy that helps me. We certainly need to study this a lot more and get such a better understanding of what’s really going on with mood disorders. Overmedicated America is one very good reason why we need more research.

  44. As a recently diagnosed bipolar (my official diagnosis is Bipolar 1), I recently just went through a manic episode that has now thrown my life into a spiral. I came out of it, my emotions shifting all over. I immediately sought out therapy and am terrified of it happening again. It felt euphoric while I was in the middle of it, but I've almost ruined my life. It's sometimes terrifying to know what I'm capable of, but it's good to know I'm not alone fighting this battle.

  45. why this channel is super low level compared to SciShow and Microcosmos? Psychology is a science too. Im sick to see the poor approach the majority of people have to psychology, the understanding of mind. Where are explained the neuro chemical changes on the brain? and the explanation about the drug treathments? what superficial approach to the brain are you teaching to the people? in 5 min video you cant offer nothing serious, totally dissapointed with this channel, but you have 99% likes…thats the cultural level.

  46. It probably wasn't intentional, but labeling the disease of bipolar depression "a psychological disorder" perpetuates the stigma that it's "all in our minds" and is something that can be overcome with sheer willpower and determination. It's a complete disservice to people that struggle this disease. It's a DISEASE just like any other, so let's just call it what it is. Thousands of fMRI images of bipolar brains prove this by showing notably smaller/malformed parts of the brain that principally affect people with bipolar depression (I'm talking mainly about the prefrontal cortex and the hippocampus, the parts of the brain responsible for all the atypical behaviors of people with bipolar depression when they're damaged or there's a hormonal imbalance of some kind.).

  47. Im SO excited to see this one, having Bipolar 2. Not saying me commenting this ages ago helped make it happen, but I can live my dream.

  48. also let's note that pediatric bipolar is vastly over diagnosed. I grew up in an abusive household and was a very depressed, anxious and not so well behaved kid. It's not til I grew up and educated myself that I realized that I was misdiagnosed and therefore receiving bad treatment. I don't really deal with depression now that I've distanced myself from family. And I've learned how to manage my social anxiety.

  49. I have Schizotypal Personality Disorder, and I think it would be extremely helpful for you to do an episode on it. There is so little information out there, and the research that is available is a little out-of-reach and outdated. The good majority of people have no idea what it is, and whenever I talk about it, they are very confused and there is nothing I can really show them to explain. I know you've probably got a billion videos to film already, but please add it to the list. I'm sure so many people with STPD and their loved ones would appreciate it, me included of course.

  50. I’m going to have to disagree with you saying that those of us with bipolar seek treatment during mania…. being on mania is like being on drugs. I can’t describe how amazing it feels. I wish I could always be manic, but it’s the depression that makes me seek treatment. It’s extremely difficult for me to get out of bed, take care of myself and eat during those times. Having to force myself to do the simplest of tasks is agonizing while those around me do it with ease. I have to sacrifice the high so I don’t fall into the lows

  51. I honestly think I had MDD from 2006. They gave me an antidepressant for a decade without any problems. But I got rediagnosed last November 2018. I'm type 1 but I get irritated mind racing. No fun.

  52. Took 15 years to get bp ii diagnosis. 15 years. Knowing what's happening in your brain makes everything easier, even without actually changing it.

  53. My doctor says she thinks I am "probably" bipolar, but she is not completely sure. So she says she has me listed as "depression – unspecified". I think she is probably right, but at the same time, I guess it doesn't matter how it's defined. I just, after learning her opinion, started to look at myself more and notice certain things. I will occasionally have "highs" where I feel I can do anything. I might start signing up for volunteer work, impulse-buy a new pet. Then the depression comes and I stop volunteering and in some cases I have given my animals to the humane society because I cannot care for them anymore. I also suddenly feel like life is awful and I want to die, and I feel like it's impossible for me to have ever experienced happiness, it's so foreign. Then it starts getting better and once again I think I can take on the world. It's an awful cycle, but it's really gotten better by just me becoming aware of it. I have recently stopped myself from starting volunteer work again. I have told myself if I want to that badly, I can wait a few months. I also have kept my hamster for over a year, and I will not let myself get rid of him. I need to stay responsible for him even though it is really hard sometimes. I was on a high when I signed up for 15 hours of classes in college, and I am glad it has not bitten me in the butt yet… but in hindsight, I was overestimating myself and not making a rational decision at that time… but yet I still feel that urge in me that next semester I should take 17-19 hours and be in 3-4 clubs and volunteer and work full-time. I really am going to tell myself that's not a good decision. But my brain says that it will be "so easy", "like a walk in the park".

  54. I have Bipolar I. I was diagnosed very accurately and right away (because of the obvious mania symptoms) I was 15. Mania or irritability came first. Then depression symptoms. My mania was always irritability. Never highly elevated mood or racing thoughts. To be honest, I would rather be depressed than manic. Now, nearly 20 years later, I’m getting Ketamine therapy done for my depression. Yes, Bipolar Disorder never goes away, but it is manageable. There is light at the end of the tunnel! (My tunnel was just really long! Lol) I’m also on less medication than I used to be. I only take 4 instead of 6.

  55. I wish I could live in the "sweet spot" when I'm just starting on the upswing and I have the confidence and the energy but I also still have the ability to make myself shut up.

  56. There is a large study made by Dr Akiskal that might be yo your interest. Bipolar disorders are an spectrum, at least IV tipes. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/10550853/

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