if you’ve read or watched an adaptation of One Flew Over The Cuckoo’s Nest by Ken Kesey you’ll be familiar with the idea of being sane in insane places. The book itself was written in the early 1960s as a critique of behaviorism a dominant form of psychology at the time behaviorism or behavioral psychology focuses on the study of behaviour no surprises there perhaps the most famous quote to come out of behavioral psychology was penned by john watson give me a dozen healthy infants well formed my own specified world to bring them up in and all guaranteed to take anyone at random and train him to become any type of specialist i might select doctor lawyer artist merchant chief and yes even beggarman and thief regardless of his talents conscience tendencies abilities vacations and race of his ancestors what Watson is saying is that anyone can learn the correct set of behaviors for anything and once there is a significant amount of criticism levelled at extreme behaviors like Watson who argue that humans learned behaviors in no more sophisticated away than animals there are plenty of studies which goes some weight supporting some of his argument back to being sane in insane places ten years after the publication of One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest Stanford professor david rosenhan sent eight same participants to attempt to gain admission to psychiatric hospitals across five states in America the participants some of whom were psychologists phone hospitals to request an appointment at the hospital they informed the psychiatrist that they were hearing voices the voice beach said was unfamiliar the same sex as themselves and set things including empty that hollow as an aside these words reflector gloomy existential crisis perhaps but there is no such thing as existential psychosis however despite this the patients were each admitted on the grounds that they required treatment and hospitalization once the patients were in it was their own responsibility to convince the staff of their sanity and be released for the duration of their stay these pseudo patients took notes of what was going on and despite these being eight perfectly healthy people there note-taking was actually recorded by nurses as evidence of their psychosis even though as soon as they entered the impatience ward the pseudo patient acted entirely normal and dropped all claims of hearing voices personal accounts of the experiment suggests that psychiatrists and nurses avoided eye contact with patients some eighty eight percent of nurses moved away from patients averting their attention the pseudo patients experience was one of depersonalization and powerlessness even other in patients were able to detect these pseudo patients were not crazy where is to the medical staff the pseudo patients were invisible and all behaviors even those same in an alternative environment were interpreted as examples of insanity in this scenario on average the patients were detained for 19 days one patient was helpful 52 days and all but one of the pseudo patients was discharged with the diagnosis of schizophrenia in remission rosenhan launch the study partially as a politically motivated attack on the psychiatric profession which p believed was unable to accurately recognize psychosis and used mental illness as a label which influence interpretations of subsequent behaviour the troubling point for psychiatrists and others who reject the notions of labeling theory is that Rosen hand clearly demonstrated the possibility for same behaviour to be considered insane dependent on the social environment would be great to hear your comments below and if you enjoyed this video and want to learn more about all the fascinating things within the psychological discipline then click subscribe to psychology unlocked and if you click the bell as well then you two will let you know every time we upload a new video

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