– [Voiceover] So in this
video we’re gonna talk about how we manage autism spectrum disorder. And in order for us to figure out how we might go about doing that, let’s actually pull up the criteria here that we use to diagnose
autism spectrum disorder. So if we look at this,
the two main sort of signs that we need to see in someone in order to diagnose
autism spectrum disorder are trouble with
communication and interaction and restrictive, repetitive behaviors. And we can see here that
there are a few different ways that these problems could manifest, so this is what we would look for if we were trying to figure out if someone has autism spectrum disorder. And, since these are the
main sort of problems that someone with autism spectrum disorder can experience, well, it’s these that we also want to focus on when we’re thinking about managing
autism spectrum disorder. Now something that we need to keep in mind when we’re thinking about managing autism spectrum disorder is that someone with autism spectrum disorder, they follow along a spectrum, right? So how much trouble they
have with communication and interaction and restricted
and repetitive behaviors, how much trouble they
have in these domains really varies a lot
between different people with autism spectrum disorder. So that means that we really want individualized management plans for different people with
autism spectrum disorder to make sure that the plans really address each person’s strengths
and their symptoms, because this can really
vary depending on where along the autism spectrum
the person falls. So you might have picked up on the fact that I’m using the word manage here, rather than the word
treat, and that’s because there isn’t really a
cure for these troubles that someone with autism
spectrum disorder can experience. So instead what we want to focus on is managing these troubles
by trying to minimize how much they interfere with
the person’s day to day life. And a big part of how we do that, especially when a child is younger, is we get the parents,
and other family members, and teachers involved in creating an ideal environment for the kid with autism spectrum disorder. And this ideal environment, what it is, is it’s an environment that addresses these different troubles that someone with autism spectrum disorder can have. So let’s take a look at
what this might look like. So in order to help a child
with autism spectrum disorder work on their communication
and interaction skills parents or teachers might make sure that the child has lots of
interactive playtime every day. So the teacher might
make sure that the child has time to interact
with his or her peers, maybe by working on classroom
activities together. These sorts of social activities are made a priority every day so that the child has
lots of opportunities to work on his or her communication and interaction skills in different ways. And at home, maybe the parents would really focus on making communication and interaction an important priority. Maybe they would practice
using nonverbal gestures and making sure that the child is able to use and understand these skills when they interact with the
parents or other family members. Now part of making sure that a kid with autism spectrum
disorder is able to thrive and work on their communication is making sure that they’re comfortable in their environment. And since we know that kids
with autism spectrum disorder can be really set on routines
and have trouble with change what we often focus on in
managing autism spectrum disorder is making sure that the child has a really structured environment. So this might mean that
parents and teachers make sure that their routines,
like getting ready for school and after school activities and bedtimes and meals are always the same. Maybe this means that the child is in a smaller classroom so that they’re able to get some more one
on one time with the teacher who can make sure that the day really follows a nice routine. And if the child has an activity
that they’re really into, maybe something like playing with cars, well this might be implemented
into the daily schedule to make sure that the child has a routine that includes the activity
that they really enjoy. And parents and teachers would also likely identify any environmental stimuli, like lights, or sounds, or smells, that really overstimulate and bother the child with autism spectrum disorder, and to make sure that these are avoided. So all of these measures to
create a structured environment, this is done so that the child is able to function their best and be able to work on their communication
and interaction skills in an environment that
they’re comfortable in. Now sometimes managing
autism spectrum disorder involves a few other measures to help deal with other disorders and
problems that can occur in kids with autism spectrum disorder. So, for example, sometimes kids with autism spectrum disorder have trouble with attention and hyperactivity. This might happen because they also have another disorder called attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or maybe this inattention
and hyperactivity occurs because they are
struggling with anxiety, which is actually another common problem for kids with autism spectrum disorder. Kids with autism spectrum
disorder are also at a higher risk of having
a few other conditions, like seizures, and sleep
trouble, and depression. So sometimes medications that help target and manage these other
symptoms and conditions can become a part of a management plan for autism spectrum disorder.

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