brain stimulation therapies are
important and effective treatments for people with depression and other mental
disorders the National Institute of Mental Health NIH is supporting studies
exploring how to make brain stimulation therapies like electro convulsive
therapy or ECT and transcranial magnetic stimulation or TMS more personalized and
effective while reducing side-effects and I learned about ECT because one of
my patients had to receive it she was severely depressed and had a form of
depression called catatonia this can be life-threatening and after her first ECT
treatment she was able to talk she was able to move she was able to eat it
really was life-saving for her doctor listen Bea has done
groundbreaking work in neuro stimulation she’s brought ECT closer to the
mainstream in the development of new and exciting neuro stimulation treatments
that offer options for people especially with resistant depression she has shown
how we can optimize existing treatments such as electro convulsive therapy and
using magnetic stimulation developed totally new approaches which did not
exist the generation ago transcranial magnetic stimulation or TMS is a
non-invasive way of stimulating the brain it’s a tool that we can use to
study brain function but really excitingly it’s now a treatment that we
can use for depression we’re seeking to develop new tools to improve the potency
of TMS how we can optimize make it more effective for every person with
depression by figuring out how to personalize the treatment finally we
have a tool that can not only teach us about depression other serious illnesses
but actually do something about it ect and TMS both stimulate the brain
with electricity but unlike ect in which electrical stimulation is more
generalized TMS can be targeted to a specific site in the brain TMS is a tool
that is widely used to study complex aspects of brain function ni MH
supported studies are exploring TMS is potential as a novel therapeutic
treatment for mental disorders we’re seeking to improve the safety of
our most effective treatments including electroconvulsive therapy
TMS has a better safety profile it doesn’t affect memory and one of the
things that we’re doing right now is coupling TMS with therapy we’re using
the therapy to activate circuits in the brain that are important for responding
to treatment and we stimulate using TMS to enhance the learning process during
therapy dr. lism B has taken essentially a 20th century treatment ECT and brought
it into the 21st century using modern neuroscience we can get the therapeutic
effect we want but avoid many of the adverse effects which have plagued
treatments like electro convulsive therapy in the past TMS is an
fda-approved treatment used for depression and obsessive-compulsive
disorder NIH funded research is now seeking to understand the mechanisms
underlying its effects and to develop TMS treatments for conditions like
anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder where it has shown some
promising results patients used to feel that if they were referred for ECT that
was their last resort that was the end of the line and in fact that’s not the
case TMS has gone from a research tool to something that is really making a
difference in people’s lives there’s nothing more rewarding than seeing a
person respond seeing a person go from the depths of depression hopelessness
even having thoughts of wanting to in their life and have that melt away and
have them return to the person that they were before the serious
disease of depression had affected them through these and many other research
projects and IMH is striving to bring hope therapies and treatments to
individuals and families affected by mental disorders you

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